Karl Heinrich Marx (born 5 May 1818) was a German philosopher, a critic of political economy, historian, sociologist, political theorist, journalist and socialist revolutionary.
Born in Trier, Germany, Marx studied law and philosophy at the universities of Bonn and Berlin.
He died on the 14th of March 1883 and was buried on the 17th of March 1883 in Tomb of Karl Marx, Highgate Cemetery, London, England.
|Full Name:||Debbie shokoya|
|Stage Name:||Karl Marx|
|Born:||5 May 1818 (age 64 years old)|
|Died:||14 March 1883, London, United Kingdom|
|Place of Birth:||Trier, Germany|
|Notable Ideas:||Marxism, Class conflict, Surplus value, Historical materialism, Marx’s theory of alienation, Labor theory of value|
|Parents:||Heinrich Marx, Henriette Pressburg|
|Children:||Eleanor Marx, Henry Edward Guy Marx, Laura Marx, Edgar Marx, Jenny Marx Longuet, Jenny Eveline Frances Marx|
|Siblings:||Sophie von Hatzfeldt, Louise Juta, Emilie Conradi, Sophia Marx, Mauritz David Marx, Hermann Marx, Caroline Marx, Eduard Marx, Henriette Marx|
|Wife • Spouse:||Jenny von Westphalen (m. 1843–1881)|
|Girlfriend • Partner:||N/A|
|Occupation:||Philosopher • Historian|
|Net Worth:||Not Est.|
He was born at Brückengasse 664 in Trier, an ancient city then part of the Kingdom of Prussia’s Province of the Lower Rhine.
Karl Marx‘s family has initially been non-religious Jewish but had converted formally to Christianity before his birth.
His father was the first in the line to receive a secular education. As a result, he became a lawyer with a comfortable upper-middle-class income, and the family-owned a number of Moselle vineyards, in addition to his income as an attorney.
Little is known of Karl Marx‘s childhood. The third of nine children, he became the eldest son when his brother Moritz Marx died in 1819.
Karl Marx and his surviving siblings, Sophie, Hermann, Henriette, Louise, Emilie, and Caroline Marx, were baptised into the Lutheran Church in August 1824 and their mother in November 1825.
Karl Marx was privately educated by his father until 1830 when he entered Trier High School (Gymnasium zu Trier [de]), whose headmaster, Hugo Wyttenbach, was a friend of his father.
Unfortunately, by employing many liberal humanists as teachers, Hugo Wyttenbach incurred the anger of the local conservative government. Subsequently, police raided the school in 1832 and discovered that literature espousing political liberalism was being distributed among the students.
Considering the distribution of such material a seditious act, the authorities instituted reforms and replaced several staff during Karl Marx‘s attendance.
In October 1835, at the age of 17, Karl Marx travelled to the University of Bonn, wishing to study philosophy and literature, but his father insisted on law as a more practical field.
Furthermore, due to a “weak chest” condition, Karl Marx was excused from military duty when he turned 18. While at the University at Bonn, he joined the Poets’ Club, a group containing political radicals that were monitored by the police.
Karl Marx also joined the Trier Tavern Club drinking society (German: Landsmannschaft der Treveraner), where many ideas were discussed, and at one point, he served as the club’s co-president. Additionally, he was involved in certain disputes, some of which became serious: in August 1836, he took part in a duel with a member of the university’s Borussia Korps.
Although his grades in the first term were good, they soon deteriorated, leading his father to force a transfer to the more serious and academic University of Berlin.
He first moved from Brussels to Paris and then Cologne, where he started and ran the Neue Rheinische Zeitung. Karl Marx then fled to London, where he lived for the rest of his life in relative poverty. He was employed, though, as a correspondent for the New York Daily Tribune.
Karl Marx often wrote on the American slavery crisis, likening slaves to the industrial proletariat. In London, he wrote the first volume of Das Kapital and made notes for the three additional volumes that were later published by Engels.
In 1864, he became involved with the International Workingmen’s Association (now known as the First International), was elected to the General Council, and ultimately prevailed over those in the group, such as Mikhail Bakunin, who disagreed with his understanding of socialism.
However, the First International disbanded in 1876, and when Karl Marx died in 1883, there was no clearly recognized intellectual head of the worldwide socialist movement. Instead, most socialist thinkers positioned themselves concerning Karl Marx’s thought, and as Marxism seemed to require a chief dogmatist and interpreter of events, competition for this position ensued.
Karl Marx did not have a social media handle.
Karl Marx was short and stocky, with a bushy head of hair and flashing eyes. His skin was swarthy, so his family and friends called him Mohr in German or Moor in English. He adopted the nickname and used it with intimates.
His physique gave a vigour impression, even though he was a latent tubercular (four of his younger siblings died of tuberculosis). A man of immense learning and sharp intellectual power, Karl Marx, often impatient and irascible, antagonized people by his sardonic wit, bluntness, and dogmatism, which bordered on arrogance.
His enemies were legion. Yet, despite his deserved reputation as a complex and disagreeable person, he had a soft spot for children; he deeply loved his own daughters, who, in turn, adored him.
Karl Marx was married to his childhood sweetheart, Jenny von Westphalen, who was known as the “most beautiful girl in Trier,” on June 19, 1843. She was totally devoted to him. Unfortunately, she died of cancer on Dec. 2, 1881, at the age of 67. For Karl Marx, it was a blow from which he never recovered.
The Marxes had seven children, four of whom died in infancy or childhood. Of the three surviving daughters—Jenny (1844-1883), Laura (1845-1911), and Eleanor (1855-1898)—two married Frenchmen: Jenny, Charles Longuet; Laura, Paul Lafargue.
Both of Karl Marx‘s sons-in-law became prominent French socialists and members of Parliament. Eleanor lived with Edward Aveling and was active as a British labour organizer. Unfortunately, both Laura and Eleanor committed suicide.
Karl Marx spent most of his working time in the British Museum, researching his newspaper articles and his books. He was a conscientious scholar, never satisfied with secondhand information but tracing facts and figures to their original sources.
In preparation for Das Kapital, he read virtually every available work in economic and financial theory and practice in the major languages of Europe.
Karl Marx‘s excessive smoking, wine drinking, and consumption of heavily spiced foods may have been contributory causes to his illnesses, most of which would appear to be, in the light of modern knowledge, allergic and psychosomatic.
He suffered from hereditary liver derangement (of which, he claimed, his father died); frequent outbreaks of carbuncles and furuncles on his neck, chest, back, and buttocks (often he could not sit); toothaches; eye inflammations; lung abscesses; haemorrhoids; pleurisy; and persistent headaches and coughs that made sleep impossible without drugs.
In the final dozen or so years of his life, he could no longer do any sustained intellectual work. Karl Marx died in his armchair in London on March 14, 1883, about two months before his sixty-fifth birthday. He lies buried in London’s Highgate Cemetery, where the grave is marked by his bust.
Karl Marx passed, a relatively poor man, and although today most of his works have great value at the time he was alive, there wasn’t much recognition or respect for his controversial views.
Karl Marx net worth has no verified figure mentioned on a notable source.